Every year the world’s population is growing by about 83 million. This is the population of the whole of Germany. According to United States Census, by 2050, the number of inhabitants on the planet will increase to 10 billion. This means that numbers of areas which are suitable for agricultural purposes will decline. Huge numbers of people will have to live in the city. And that is when the question about nutrition will become extremely relevant. Therefore, an initiative to create a farm in an urban environment that will not take up much space and will always be there.
Ноw does It work?
Huge amounts of resources and land needed for conventional agriculture. But in the case of vertical farming, structures with crops are placed one above the other, like the floors in the building. It’s a flexible design and allows for the install of additional modules. Such farms are completely energy independent, and are powered by solar panels and wind turbines.
What are the different systems available?
Aeroponics– growing in air without the use of soil:
Hydroponics – growing in an artificial environment without soil:
Aquaponics – cultivation in an aqueous medium:
What are the benefits?
- proper distribution of water, sunlight and air for the plant
- reduction in water consumption by 70%
- ability to harvest all year round
- products are environmentally friendly (no herbicides, pesticides or fertilizers).
- energy independent
- reduced levels of certain infectious diseases peculiar to the agricultural sector
- increased crop yields
- excluding the case of crop failure, due to adverse weather conditions, drought, floods or acts of pests
- easier maintenance of plants and animals
What limitations do they have?
- technical difficulties
- cost contents
- ability to grow only specific plants
- expensive service
- difficult to impliment without government’s support
Some ambitious projects
Due to the fact that vertical farms are initially planned as an element of the urban environment, much attention is paid to their architectural elaboration.
1. Vincent Kalbo presented the “vertical farm” project for New York. The building is called “Dragonfly”, since the bulk of its construction is based on the structure of the wing of a dragonfly. The height of each wing is 600 meters. It will have 132 floors with greenhouses and plantations. It is assumed that “Dragonfly” will be completely autonomous, that is, it will provide itself with electricity due to the energy of the sun and wind.
2. This project presented by the team of Dutch designers Winy Maas, Jacob van Rijs and Nathalie de Vries. This idea shows that not only plants could grow in the vertical farming but also amimals.
Vertical farming for individual
Vertical farming has become very popular among citizens. People use vertical farming not only in their houses but in ordinary flats too. It is great when you can grow your greenery for your family and be sure that it healthy and fresh. Here you can find some easy examples on how to build a smart farm directly in your home!
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